The steel is aimed at the fourth revolutionAutomotive News
Manufacturing processes become smarter and companies use nanoscience to search for new materials
Crude steel production in Spain was 13.6 million tonnes last year, 8.5% lower than in 2015. However, Andres Barceló, general director of the Union of Steel Companies (Unesid), says That “the international trend change in the second half made the majority of companies in the sector close the year with better prospects for 2017.” An optimism to which also contribute the technological advances that the sector is applying in its production processes.
Among them is the incorporation to industry 4.0 and the use of nanoscience to look for new materials, in addition to energy efficiency and cybersecurity, according to Asier San Millán, director of Siderex, the Spanish Association of Exporters of Steel Products and Installations.
The change in trend predicts a recovery in production during 2017
In his view, “the integration of electronics, information and communications into production processes is helping to improve automation and make the industry smarter.” In this, augmented reality and big data play a relevant role. The first “allows to detect errors in extreme conditions” and the second “facilitates decision making, improves the quality of the laundry and increases the efficiency of furnaces and processes,” says San Millán.
As Barcelo recalls, steelmaking is “the basis of the chain of metal-mechanic value of automobiles, machinery and infrastructures, which have a fundamental component in steel.” In this context, Unesid highlights the transformation carried out By the sector with “the implementation of processes of preventive improvement and the integration of new technologies in the workplace”.
As for nanotechnology, San Millán points out that “the microstructural modification of a conventional steel to improve its properties and optimize it with new intelligent coatings are some of the processes that allows to develop”. The results, as Barceló notes, are high strength steels with less weight and that “retain excellent mechanical capabilities and can compete with other materials.”
Meanwhile, the leading companies in the industry are leveraging technology in their processes. Sidenor is intensifying the monitoring and processing of data. Tubacex has set out to create products with higher added value and Tubos Reunidos is optimizing the production processes.
Nanotechnology. It produces steels of high resistance and less weight, with excellent mechanical capacities and that can compete with other materials.
Big data. The data serve to improve the quality of the laundry and increase the efficiency of the furnaces and processes.
Javier Labiano Elcano – Madrid 20 JUL 2017 – 08:54 CEST