+34 916 572 874

Av. de la Industria, 32, Alcobendas, 28108-Madrid

Spain needs 11 billion to launch the electric car

Automotive News

A Deloitte report examines the steps to decarbonize passenger transport

The electric car park has to be multiplied by 50

If Spain wants to meet its objectives of reducing CO2 emissions by 2050, the combustion vehicles must stop being sold in the country by 2040. This is how the report expresses A model of transport decarbonized for Spain in 2050, prepared by Monitor Deloitte .

The study reviews the current situation of each of the means of land transport in Spain and details what measures should be taken to achieve the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases marked by the European Union within the aforementioned deadlines. Spain needs a reduction of this contamination of between 80% and 95% before 2050.

To meet these challenges, “more ambitious emission reduction policies and targets are needed than the current ones,” the report states, “and are necessary and possible to offset the barriers to decarbonization in other sectors and achieve The national objectives “.

In this plan is essential “electrification of passenger transport and modal shift to rail and electrification of freight transport.” The annual investment for the implantation would oscillate between 1.1 billion and 2,000 million euros until 2030 in incentives for the purchase of electric vehicles, installation of infrastructures of recharge and development of the railway infrastructure.

In any case, the actor on which the most rapid and with more effort is to act is the private car, “the most polluting means of passengers”. Although digitization and progressive autonomy will allow for greater degrees of shared use, and therefore less road vehicles will be needed to meet mobility needs, what will be indispensable is to expand the vehicle fleet in Spain to levels much higher than those Currently available.

The report reflects how at the end of 2015 there were some 6,500 electric vehicles in Spain, “an irrelevant figure in a park of 22 million cars,” they point out. Sales in that year were around 3,000 units, which represents 0.2% of totals, a percentage that is very far from places like Norway or the Netherlands, where the electric vehicle represented in 23% and 10% in 2015 % Of sales, respectively.

The “compliance trail”, for Monitor Deloitte, means that within three years, in 2020, 300,000 electric vehicles are circulating in Spain, that is, multiply by 50 the existing park. By 2025, this amount will have to have risen to between 1.6 and 2 million units and reach 6 million electric vehicles by 2030. Thus, sales of electric cars would have to account for just over half of the total in this year. From 2040 no cars with an internal combustion engine should be sold.

To achieve this skyrocketing growth, the report suggests incentives to purchase the vehicle, which reduce its price by up to 20% and match it with a conventional one. It supposes an amount of about 400 million annually until 2015 and, from there, disappear. “It is feasible and possible,” says Alberto Amores, partner of Monitor Deloitte and author of the study. “The technology is prepared, manufacturers’ plans foresee a break-up of the electric vehicle and costs will fall,” he says. The report also recommends that conventional vehicles should not be able to travel around the city center from 2025 onwards.

As far as charging infrastructure is concerned, up to 3.4 million points should be installed in private homes, 95,000 on public roads and around 50,000 fast refueling stations (five times more than existing gas stations). The development would require a total investment, up to 2030, of between 1,250 and 1,650 million.

Freight transport requires more rail

Not only do we have to reduce CO2 emissions in passenger transport, even though this is the most polluting route. The transport of goods emitted 28% of the total CO2 pollution of the transport in Spain in 2014, according to the data handled by the consultancy Deloitte in its report, not counting its participation in the emissions of polluting NOx and particles in the centers Urban

Its progressive decarbonization would come through the modal shift to the railroad and the electrification of freight transport. “To reduce emissions by 50%, it is necessary to multiply by four the percentage of goods transported by rail in 2030 and by eight by 2050. In addition, almost all light freight transport will have to be transferred to the electric vehicle”, Deloitte in his Monitor.

The light electric truck should “absorb 25% of light freight traffic by 2030,” according to the study. Monitor Deloitte recommends marking a marketing target of one million light trucks operating in Spain in 2030, so that by then it accounts for a quarter of light freight traffic.

However, this effort, which will require an investment of between 10 and 17 billion euros until 2050, will not allow to move from 22 million tonnes of CO2 emitted in 2014 to 2 million in 2050 (amount needed to achieve the objectives) , But only up to about 15 or 18 million. “Achieving to reduce the emissions to the necessary two million tons requires new technologies that are currently under development, such as the electric truck with hydrogen battery or electric overhead lines with catenary,” he concludes.

If Spain wants to meet its objectives of reducing CO2 emissions by 2050, the combustion vehicles must stop being sold in the country by 2040. This is how the report expresses A model of transport decarbonized for Spain in 2050, prepared by Monitor Deloitte .

The study reviews the current situation of each of the means of land transport in Spain and details what measures should be taken to achieve the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases marked by the European Union within the aforementioned deadlines. Spain needs a reduction of this contamination of between 80% and 95% before 2050.

To meet these challenges, “more ambitious emission reduction policies and targets are needed than the current ones,” the report states, “and are necessary and possible to offset the barriers to decarbonization in other sectors and achieve The national objectives “.

In this plan is essential “electrification of passenger transport and modal shift to rail and electrification of freight transport.” The annual investment for the implantation would oscillate between 1.1 billion and 2,000 million euros until 2030 in incentives for the purchase of electric vehicles, installation of infrastructures of recharge and development of the railway infrastructure.

In any case, the actor on which the most rapid and with more effort is to act is the private car, “the most polluting means of passengers”. Although digitization and progressive autonomy will allow for greater degrees of shared use, and therefore less road vehicles will be needed to meet mobility needs, what will be indispensable is to expand the vehicle fleet in Spain to levels much higher than those Currently available.

The report reflects how at the end of 2015 there were some 6,500 electric vehicles in Spain, “an irrelevant figure in a park of 22 million cars,” they point out. Sales in that year were around 3,000 units, which represents 0.2% of totals, a percentage that is very far from places like Norway or the Netherlands, where the electric vehicle represented in 23% and 10% in 2015 % Of sales, respectively.

The “compliance trail”, for Monitor Deloitte, means that within three years, in 2020, 300,000 electric vehicles are circulating in Spain, that is, multiply by 50 the existing park. By 2025, this amount will have to have risen to between 1.6 and 2 million units and reach 6 million electric vehicles by 2030. Thus, sales of electric cars would have to account for just over half of the total in this year. From 2040 no cars with an internal combustion engine should be sold.

To achieve this skyrocketing growth, the report suggests incentives to purchase the vehicle, which reduce its price by up to 20% and match it with a conventional one. It supposes an amount of about 400 million annually until 2015 and, from there, disappear. “It is feasible and possible,” says Alberto Amores, partner of Monitor Deloitte and author of the study. “The technology is prepared, manufacturers’ plans foresee a break-up of the electric vehicle and costs will fall,” he says. The report also recommends that conventional vehicles should not be able to travel around the city center from 2025 onwards.

As far as charging infrastructure is concerned, up to 3.4 million points should be installed in private homes, 95,000 on public roads and around 50,000 fast refueling stations (five times more than existing gas stations). The development would require a total investment, up to 2030, of between 1,250 and 1,650 million.

Freight transport requires more rail

Not only do we have to reduce CO2 emissions in passenger transport, even though this is the most polluting route. The transport of goods emitted 28% of the total CO2 pollution of the transport in Spain in 2014, according to the data handled by the consultancy Deloitte in its report, not counting its participation in the emissions of polluting NOx and particles in the centers Urban
Its progressive decarbonization would come through the modal shift to the railroad and the electrification of freight transport. “To reduce emissions by 50%, it is necessary to multiply by four the percentage of goods transported by rail in 2030 and by eight by 2050. In addition, almost all light freight transport will have to be transferred to the electric vehicle”, Deloitte in his Monitor.
The light electric truck should “absorb 25% of light freight traffic by 2030,” according to the study. Monitor Deloitte recommends marking a marketing target of one million light trucks operating in Spain in 2030, so that by then it accounts for a quarter of light freight traffic.

However, this effort, which will require an investment of between 10 and 17 billion euros until 2050, will not allow to move from 22 million tonnes of CO2 emitted in 2014 to 2 million in 2050 (amount needed to achieve the objectives) , But only up to about 15 or 18 million. “Achieving to reduce the emissions to the necessary two million tons requires new technologies that are currently under development, such as the electric truck with hydrogen battery or electric overhead lines with catenary,” he concludes.

Madrid – 24 ABR 2017 – CEST  CINCO DIAS

Back to Top